Who is Louis Camille Maillard?

Louis Camille Maillard was a French chemist and physician who discovered what is known as the Maillard reaction.

During his early days in 1903, he studied at University of Nancy’s Faculty of Science at 16 years old. Specifically, he was in the Chemical Division of the School of Medicine. He did well in the field of chemistry so later on, he took part in University of Paris’s Faculty of Medicine in 1914 where he became a head of a biological group. He served as a protégé of Armand Gautier. He was a famous French painter and lithographer.

He was well renowned in the field of physiology. He studied urea metabolism in relation to kidney illnesses. With this, he was able to come up with theories on “urogenic imperfection” as he calls it. He was also the proponent of the “coefficient of Maillard” otherwise known as the “index of urogenic imperfection”. He had very notable findings with regard to kidney disorfers. Also, he did studies on amino acids and sugars and how they react with each other. Thus, this was where the Maillard reaction was discovered. The Maillard reaction is otherwise known as the browning of substances brought about by a chemical reaction between an amino acid and sugar with the presence of heat.

During the latter years of his life, he served at the French army during World War I. With this, his health was much damaged. After the war, he took a position at the pharmacy department of the Faculty of Medicine Sciences in Algeria. He mostly did his researches here. He became a Professor of Biological and Medical Chemistry.

He died on May 12, 1936 and he was a juror in Paris then.